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[ Philip K. Dick, 1928 - 1982]


"Reality is that which when you stop believing in it... doesn't go away."

Philip K. Dick, VALIS


The "Truth" About Philip K. Dick


  • A schizophrenic man named Philip K. Dick turned his hallucinations about the universe into a writing career.

  • A schizophrenic universe turned its hallucinations into a man named Philip K. Dick.

  • A hallucinogen wanted a writing career and turned Philip K. Dick into a universe.

  • A hallucination named Philip K. Dick turned his writing career into the universe.

  • A dick turned its schizophrenic hallucinations into a man named Philip K. Universe.


The truth is none of those things.

The truth is all of those things.

The truth is some of those things.


Biographical Notes For Philip K. Dick


Philip Kendred Dick and Jane Kendred Dick were born in Chicagoon December 16 th , 1928. Dick's fraternal twin, Jane, died 41 days later. At age 1 his family moved to Berkeley, California. His parents divorced when Philip was five and his father moved to Reno, Nevada. At age six, 1934 he and his mother moved to Washington, DC. By age 7, he was placed into a "special school", in part because he refused to eat. It was during this time that a psychiatrist diagnosed him as a potential schizophrenic, a diagnosis that would haunt him for the rest of his life. In 1939, he and his mother family moved back to Berkeley. It was here that he first encountered the Oz series of L. Frank Baum , which he cited as highly influential. He briefly attended the University of California at Berkeley, but dropped out before completing any classes. He worked variously as an advertising copywriter, a DJ on a classical music radio station (KSMO, Berkeley), and in a record store.

He sold his first story at age 22, in 1951. In June of 1953, he had 7 stories being published simultaneously in a variety of science fiction magazines, including Analog, Galaxyand F+SF. His first novel, The Solar Lottery , was published in 1954.

By 1968, the year that Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep was published, he had written 28 books. It is said that it was in this period that he began using methamphetaminesin order to write enough to support himself and his family. He also began using LSD , which he wrote about, in veiled form in novels such as A Scanner Darkly and wrote about it openly in essays that are reprinted in The Shifting Realities of Philip K. Dick . Methamphetamine use would plague Philip K. Dick for the remainder of his life, and probably was a leading factor in his death.

There is much anecdotal evidence to suggest that he did not sleep for a period of three years, and suffered from "cocaine psychosis" on at least one occasion. However, by the end of his life, he had published over 50 novels and short story collections, and was even able to see a rough cut of Blade Runner , the Ridley Scott film based on Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep , which was released shortly after his death.

However, Philip K. Dick's legacy has endured:

VALIS Opera:

This science fiction opera, composed by Tod Machover in 1987 for the 10th anniversary of the Pompidou Center in Paris , was the first time that Hyperinstrumentswere used. Based on a novel by Philip K. Dick, the story follows the life of Dick's alter-ego, Horselover Fat, who has a strange VALIS "pink light" experience, which might be a real spiritual revelation, but looks an awful lot like a technological experiment gone awry or maybe even a nervous breakdown. The entire "orchestra" for VALIS was made up of two instruments, hyperkeyboard and hyperpercussion. A CD recording of the work is available. Machover, a professor at the MIT media lab has a segment of the opera, with both video collage and music:

www.media.mit.edu/hyperins/quicktime/valis56k.mov

It requires Quicktime, and 56 KbPS or better net connection.

In 1985, the Mabou Mines Theater performed a stage play based on Flow My Tears, the Policeman Said in Boston and New York.

Radio Free Albemuth , adapted by Lisa Morton, was produced at Theatre of N.O.T.E. in Los Angelesin 1991.

A Philip K. Dick Society has existed and flourished for more than 15 years.

The designer Philippe Starck has claimed that Philip K. Dick is an influence on his designs. He has often named pieces of furniture after characters from Philip K. Dick's writings. Below is "Francesca Spanish", a chair designed by Starck, named after a character from the novel Ubik .

'Francesca Spanish', a chair designed by Philippe Starck, named after a character in Philip K. Dick's Ubik

His novels have been required reading for modern literature courses .

In 1997, Virgin Interactive Entertainment released a video game for Blade Runner , using the voices of many of the original cast 15 years after the film's theatrical release, a testament to its enduring legacy.

Philip K. Dick went through a series of unsuccessful marriages throughout his life. All in all, he was married five times and had three children

(2 daughters, 1 son) . The influence of these marriages can be seen in a great deal of his writing. In fact, it was under such circumstances, that The Man In the High Castle was written.

"My marriage of eight years broke up; I moved out into the country, met an artistically inclined woman who had just lost her husband. We met in October [1958] and the next April we had gotten married in Ensenada, Mexico. I had her and three girls to take care of, and for two years I was unable to produce anything except hack work. At last I gave up and went to work for my wife, in her jewelry business. I was miserable.... With Anne I could not fulfill myself because her own creative drive was so strong that she often declared that my creative work "got in her way." Even in the jewelry making I merely polished pieces she designed. My sense of self-worth began to flag, so I hitched myself to the priest of our times, the psychologist-psychiatrist, and asked his advice. "Go home," he said, "and forget the jewelry business... Go home... and simply write a good book, a book you believe in. You can stop fixing breakfast for the kids and assisting you wife in her welding. Write a book." I did so, without preamble; I simply sat down and wrote. And what I wrote was The Man In the High Castle ."


(excerpt quoted from The Shifting Realities of Philip K. Dick[pp. 15-16])

Those familiar with the plot of The Man In the High Castle will recognize Dick's real life circumstances, i.e., the jewelry making, as inspiration for one of the central themes of the novel. In 1963, Philip K. Dick received the Hugo Award for The Man In the High Castle .

On March 22, 1974, the day after the vernal equinox, Philip K. Dick had a transcendental mystical experience, which he described as "an invasion of my mind by a transcendentally rational mind." This experience caused Philip K. Dick to begin recording his thoughts and experiences into a journal, which he referred to as the Exegesis. The Exegesis contained a phenomenal amount of Gnostic religious thought and philosophy. The majority of his experiences and philosophies formed during this period can be found in the VALIS trilogy", which includes VALIS , The Divine Invasion , and The Transmigration of Timothy Archer . An alternate accounting of the events of Philip K. Dick's VALIS encounter can be found in more accessible form in the novel Radio Free Albemuth , which was discovered among Dick's notes after his death.

Philip K. Dickwas an incredibly imaginative writer, with the ability to twist every day circumstances around to such a degree that even the most mundane of situations could become outrageous and alien. He often felt that it was his role, as an author to write stories that would "wake up" his readers to the ills and perils of society. Nearly every story he ever wrote probed the nature of truth and reality, repeatedly asking "What is actually real?" in one form or another.

Philip K. Dick died of heart failure following a stroke on March 2nd, 1982 in Santa Ana, California.


Bibliography:

(arranged chronologically, according to year of publication)


The Solar Lottery [1954]

(aka World of Chance)

  • The World Jones Made[1956]

  • Man Who Japed [1956]

  • The Eye in the Sky[1956]

  • Variable Man [1957]

  • The Cosmic Puppets[1957]

  • Time Out of Joint[1959]

  • Dr. Futurity [1960]

  • Vulcan's Hammer [1960]

  • The Man In the High Castle[1962]

  • The Game Players of Titan[1963]

  • Martian Timeslip[1964]

  • Dr. Bloodmoney, Or How We Got Along After the Bomb[1964]

  • Penultimate Truth [1964]

  • The Simulacra[1964]

  • Clans of the Alphane Moon[1964]

  • Three Stigmata of Palmer Eldritch[1965]

  • The Crack In Space [1966]

  • Now Wait For Last Year[1966]

  • The Unteleported Man (Later published as Lies, Inc.in the UK) [1966]

  • The Zap Gun[1967]

  • The Ganymede Takeover [1967] (with Ray Nelson)

  • Counter-Clock World [1967]

  • Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep[1968]

  • The Galactic Pot-Healer[1969]

  • The Preserving Machine [1969] (short story anthology)

  • Ubik[1969]

  • Maze of Death[1970]

  • Our Friends From Frolix 8[1970]

  • We Can Build You[1972]

  • Confessions of a Crap-Artist[1975]

  • Flow My Tears, the Policeman Said[1974]

  • Deus Irae[1976] (with Roger Zelazny)

  • A Scanner Darkly[1977]

  • VALIS[1981]

  • The Divine Invasion[1981]

  • The Transmigration of Timothy Archer[1982]

Blade Runner[1982] ( AKA Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep)

  • The Man Whose Teeth Were All Exactly Alike [1984?]

  • Puttering About In This Small Land[1985]

  • Radio Free Albemuth[1985]

  • Ubik: The Screenplay [1985]

  • In Milton Lumky Territory [1985]

  • Humpty Dumpty In Oakland [1986]

  • Mary and the Giant [1987]

  • The Broken Bubble [1988?]

  • Nick and the Glimmung [1988?]

  • The Dark-Haired Girl[1988] (collection of fiction and non-fiction)

  • Voices from the Street [unpublished]

  • Gather Yourself Together [unpublished]


Collections and Posthumous Releases:


  • In Pursuit of VALIS: Selections From the Exegesis[1991]

  • Selected Letters of Philip K. Dick: 1972-73 [1992?]

The Shifting Realities of Philip K. Dick: Selected Literary and Philosophical Writings[1995] (Lawrence Sutin, ed.)

  • Collected Short Stories of Philip K Dick, Vol. 1: The Short Happy Life of the Brown Oxford

  • Collected Short Stories of Philip K Dick, Vol. 2: We Can Remember It For You Wholesale

  • Collected Short Stories of Philip K Dick, Vol. 3: The Second Variety

  • Collected Short Stories of Philip K Dick, Vol. 4: The Minority Report

  • Collected Short Stories of Philip K Dick, Vol. 5: The Eye of the Sibyl

The Philip K. Dick Reader:

Short Story Collection includes The Second Variety, We Can Remember It For You Wholesale & The Minority Report.

  • What If Our World Is Their Heaven? The Final Conversations With Philip K. Dick: Ellen Sauter (Apr. 2001)

The Minority Report:

[May 2002] probably just a novelization of the short story based on the upcoming movie, see below, in the film section.


Biographies & Reference


  • Divine Invasions: A Life of Philip K. Dick: (Lawrence Sutin)

  • To the High Castle, Philip K. Dick: A Life, (1928-1962) (Gregg Rickman)

  • Only Apparently Real: The Worlds of Philip K Dick(Paul Williams)

  • Philip K. Dick: In His Own Words: Gregg Rickman

  • The Search For Philip K. Dick: 1928-1982(Anne R. Dick, daughter)

  • Welcome to Reality : The Nightmares of Philip K. Dick(Uwe Anton, ed.)

  • Weirdo #17 (comic book) "The Religious Experience of Philip K. Dick" ( Robert Crumb)

  • Philip K. Dick (Pocket Essentials): Andrew M. Butler

Audio Editions:


The Minority Report and Other Short Stories

[cassette]

  • Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?

    [cassette, abridged] - read by Matt Modine & Callista Flockhart.

  • The Galactic Pot-healer [unabridged]

    [cassette]

  • Martian Time-Slip [unabridged]

    [cassette]


Films:


Blade Runner[1982]

(novel: Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep)

(Dir. Ridley Scott)

[ Internet Movie Database LinkCast and Credits info.

The Trouble With Dick [1987] (pseudo-biographical story of a science fiction writer named "Dick Kendred". If you have any doubt that the character is intended to be Philip K. Dick, note that the production company's name was " Frolix".)

[ IMDb LinkCast and Credits info.

Total Recall[1990] (Dir. Paul Verhoeven )

(short story: "We Can Remember It For You Wholesale")

[ IMDb LinkCast and Credits info.

Confessions d'un Barjo(french) [1992] (Dir. Jerome Boivin)

(novel: The Confessions of a Crap-Artist)

[ IMDb LinkCast and Credits info.

Screamers[1995]

(short story: "Second Variety") (Dir. Christian Duguay)

IMDb Link, Cast and Credits info.

The Truman Show[1998]

(novel: Time Out of Joint) (Dir. Peter Weir)

[ IMDb linkCast and Credits info.

Wait a second, you're saying to yourself... The Truman Show doesn't have Philip K. Dick in the credits... That's right. The novel Time Out of Jointis about a man that has had an entire idyllic town built up around him in order to use his unique ability to predict where an alien attack will strike. He eventually begins to notice some peculiarities in his world, and entire fake reality construct crumbles away, whereas The Truman Show is about a man who has spent his entire life in an idyllic town, which in actuality is a movie set. Though never realizing this, he eventually begins to notice some peculiarities in his world, and eventually his entire fake reality construct crumbles away. Similar? You be the judge, but if I were an heir to the Philip K. Dick estate, I'd have some serious legal action going on about it...

A Scanner Darkly [ was listed as 'currently in production', 1998 - but now seems to dropped off the map] (novel: A Scanner Darkly) (Dir. Emma-Kate Croghan) Since this director has had other projects since 1998, I think its safe to say that this project has been shelved for the mean time...

  • The Gospel According To Philip K. Dick[2000] [ DVD] [ VHS]: Documentary about Philip K. Dick

The Minority Report[2002] (short story: "The Minority Report") directed by Steve Spielberg, starring Tom Cruise. In post-production, with a possible summer 2002 release... [ official site: www.minorityreport.com, trailer requires quicktime...]

  • The King of the Elves[in development] (short story: "The King of the Elves"). Optioned by Disney & Jim Henson Pictures.


Magazine Articles and Interviews:



Tangential Works:


  • Blade Runner (British Film Institute Series): Scott Bukataman. BFI puts out great books.

  • Future Noir: The Making of Blade Runner: Paul M. Sammon

  • Retrofitting Blade Runner : Issues in Ridley Scott's 'Blade Runner' and Philip K. Dick's 'Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?': Judith Kernan.

  • Film Architecture : Set Designs from Metropolis to Blade Runner: Dietrich Neumann (Editor), Donald Albrecht (Editor), David Winton Bell (Editor)

K. W. Jeter has been writing a series of novels as sequels to the movie, Blade Runner 2, et cetera. I've never read any of them.

Philip K. Dick is Dead, Alas: Michael Bishop

[Originally published as The Secret Ascension]

Philip K. Dick High: David Bischoff, a SF novel.

Nope, haven't read it, either.

  • Man... or Astro-Man

    has a song on their album Project Infinity, called "Philip K. Dick In the Pet Section of a Wal-Mart".


Net Links


Read my own essay, More Human Than Human: Blade Runner's Human/Replicant Debate, originally written for the FringeWare Subcult pages, and expanded and revised for PopSubCulture.com (includes film sound bites) .

I find myself in the strangely Dickian situation, five years later, of actually disagreeing with several of the points I originally presented in this essay. Perhaps one day I will take the example from A Scanner Darkly, and write a treatise attacking the assertions that I made in the original one.

  • another essay about Blade Runner, which agrees with me about Deckard's human/replicant status on many points: www.btinternet.com/~buckleburyweb/mm/brun.htm

Check out the excellent www.brmovie.comand their links to a variety of analyses of the Blade Runner film: www.brmovie.com/Analysis

  • Check out this BBC article from July 2000, where in Ridley Scott says that Deckard was a replicant: news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/entertainment/newsid_825000/825641.stm

  • www.philipkdick.coma site devoted entirely to the life and work of Philip K. Dick...

  • APBnews.comdug up the 1972 FBI report filed by Philip K. Dick, in which he reported that a secret world health organization was plotting to use his writing to relay messages on "paresis", an alleged new strain of syphilis. As evidence he cited a break-in which occurred in 1971. He claimed that "at least one entire room of stuff is missing". www.apbnews.com/media/gfiles/pdick/index.html

    I guess Philip wasn't feeling very good that week...

  • www.bladezone.com: another fanatically complete site, focusing on all things Blade Runner, with ton and tons o'files, including links to MP3's of the bootleg soundtrack of Blade Runner.

  • 2019: Offworld: (Blade Runner Page): By far the best source on every aspect of the film, from movie stills to theme music. An ongoing project since 1992. Site seems to need a bit of maintenance right now, but don't they all!

  • If you have a news group reader, link to the Philip K Dick Newsgroup.

  • If you don't have a news reader, try Deja.com search: Philip K. Dick

  • Link to the excellent, detailed essay"The Meaning In The Man In the High Castle" by Laura E. Campbell. A well thought out and supported analysis. Worth your while.

  • The Blade Runner Study Guide.Written by Prof. Paul Brians at Washington State University (not a joke, a serious academic tool... Fun to use.)

  • The Blade Runner PageYour basic fanpage.

  • The "Official Blade Runner On-Line Magazine". This Pagerequires a graphical browser, and probably frames.

  • Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of AmericaTons of author links, official and third party- but, haha, no PKD stuff. Still any SF or fantasy fan should check it out.

  • Link to Philip K. Dick and Human Kindness, by Jonathan BlumenA provocative essay, highlighting several basic themes in Philip K. Dick's work, though I don't agree with some of Blumen's opinions about Dick's drug use.

  • The PKD Mailing List [email protected]Don't forget type "subscribe" in the message body.

  • The Philip K. Dick Mailing List [email protected]comType "subscribe" in the message body. I am unsure if these are identical lists or not, they have different email addresses. This one alleges to have Paul Williams and Paul DeFilipo as subscribers/contributors.

  • University of Nebraska English Professor Samuel Umland'sscholarly essayon VALIS. It's fairly heady reading.

  • The "Official" WWW PKD FAQ. This pagehas a lot of diverse information, but doesn't seem to have been updated recently.

  • A good *Unofficial* Philip K. Dick website, complete with tons-o-links and some Philip K. Dick interview sound files.


Newsletters


"PKD Society Newsletter" is no longer publishing, but ask for a catalog. Back issues & other items should still be available. Their new address is: PKDS Box 231155 Encinitas, CA 92023

Paul Williams'website saysit is still available from him.


Author: Patrick Deese

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