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[ timothy leary - mind pioneer ]

  Conceived on 17 January 1920, the second day of Prohibition, at West Point, New York. Born Timothy Francis Leary on 22 October, 1920 in Springfield, Massachusetts. Attended the United States Military Academy at West Point in the early 1940s.

  Awoken early on a Sunday morning, a hung over Cadet Leary retorted that he was "dying and would never be able to make reveille again in his whole life." As a result, the cadet Honor Committee charged Leary with honor violation and "silenced" him, forbidding other cadets from speaking with Leary.

  During this period of introspection, Leary was taken in by the first African-American cadets, also silenced due to military racism. He began to study philosophy, and wrote his first book, based on Arthur Schopenhauer.

  Eventually, Leary was urged to resign from the Academy. Thus begins his life-long emphasis as an author to undermine the dominant white-male structures of authority.

  Following college and military service during WWII, Leary taught in Psychology at UC Berkeley. Then, after his first wife's suicide, moved to teach at Harvard.

  His early work in psychology included interpreting the self-dynamic personality models of Henry Stack Sullivan, as discussed in Maps of the Mind by Charles Hampden-Turner. Shades of Sullivan's work influenced Leary's later major theoretical work known as the Eight Circuit Model regarding the evolution of consciousness (see Info-Psychology). This theory has been interpreted and embellished by Robert Anton Wilson, Antero Alli and others.

  First introduced to hallucinogens during a research trip to study curandera, traditional Latin American healing techniques, following in the footsteps of R. Gordon Wasson. After taking psilocybin mushrooms in Mexico in 1960, Leary returns to Harvard and starts the Harvard Psilocybin Project. Gives mushrooms to Arthur Koestler, Neal Cassady, Allen Ginsberg, Jack Kerouac, amongst others and dutifully records their impressions. Richard Alpert and Ralph Metzner join the project.

  Takes LSD for the first time in 1962. Writes: "It was the most shattering experience of my life."

  Fundamental in shaping and initiating the Psychedelic Movement. Throughout the 60's, Leary is one of the primary Subculture figures, advocating the philosophy expressed in the slogan: "Tune in, Turn on and Drop out." Spends most of the 70's in jail for minor drug charges or in exile as a political dissident.

  For the last decade or so of his life, Leary writes and lectures enthusiastically in support of the emerging cyberculture centered around the possibilities of computers and virtual reality.

  Died on 31 May 1996 at his home in Beverly Hills, California wearing a t-shirt that read: "If you only have one wish, make it BIG." His last words are reported to have been: "Why? Why not? WHY NOT? Why not? Why not? Why not?" and later, "Beautiful."

  On 9 February 1997, a portion of Leary's cremated remains were launched into space.

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